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Binan
Metroville Complex near Pacita (as low as 14K monthly equity/6K monthly amortization promo)

Sta. Rosa
Celina Plains (as low as 4K monthly)
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NUVALI
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Calamba
Amaia Scapes (as low as 4K monthly)
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Bay
The Cambria (as low as 5.6K monthly pag ibig financing promo)



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ABOUT LAGUNA

Laguna (PSGC: 035400000; ISO: PH-LAG) is a province of the Philippines found in the CALABARZON region in Luzon. Its capital is Santa Cruzand the province is located southeast of Metro Manila, south of the province of Rizal, west of Quezon, north of Batangas and east of Cavite. Laguna hugs the southern shores of Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in the country. The city with the highest population (based on 2010 census) isCalamba, while the least population is the Municipality of Famy.[4]
Laguna is notable as the birthplace of Jose Rizal, the country's national hero. It is also famous for attractions like Pagsanjan Falls, the University of the Philippines Los Baños campus, the hot spring resorts of Los Baños and Calamba on the slopes of Mount Makiling, Pila historic town plaza, Taytay Falls in Majayjay, the wood carvings and papier-mâché created by the people of Paeté, the annual Sampaguita Festival in San Pedro, theturumba of Pakil, the tsinelas footwears from Liliw, the Pandan Festival of Luisiana, the Seven Lakes of San Pablo (the first city in the province), and the Hidden Valley Springs in Calauan.

Contents

  [hide

[edit]History


Luisiana Catholic Church

Liliw Catholic Church
The Province of Laguna, which was formerly called La Laguna, was named after Laguna de Bay, the body of water that forms its northern boundary.[5] Laguna de Bay, in turn, was named after the town of Bay (Laguna de Bay is Spanish which means "Lake of Bay"), the first provincial capital. Captain Juan de Salcedo with a band of one hundred Spanish-Mexican soldiers and many Bisayan allies conquered the province and its surrounding regions for Spain in 1571. Seven years later, two Franciscan friars started the work of Christianization.
In 1577, the Franciscan missionaries arrived in Manila, and in 1578 they started evangelizing Laguna, Morong (now Rizal), Tayabas (now Quezon) and the Bicol Peninsula. Juan de Plasencia and Diego de Oropesa were the earliest Franciscans sent to these places. From 1580, the towns ofBay, Caliraya, Majayjay, Nagcarlan, Liliw, Pila, Santa Cruz, Lumban, Pangil and Siniloan were founded. In 1678, Fray Hernando Cabrera founded San Pablo de los Montes (now San Pablo City) and built a wooden church and convent considered as the best and finest in the province.[6]
In 1670, delimitation of borders were made between Lucban, Majayjay and Cavite. The populous town at that time was Bay, the capital of the province until 1688, when the seat of the provincial government was moved to Pagsanján, and later in 1858, to Santa Cruz. In 1754, the Province of Laguna and Tayabas were divided, with the Malinao River separating the towns of Majayjay and Lucban.[6]
The province became a bloody battle ground for the Chinese during the two instances that they rose in revolt against Spain.[5] In 1603s, the Chinese made their last stand in the mountains of San Pablo, and in 1639, they fortified themselves in the highlands of Cavinti and Lumban, surrendering in Pagsanjan a year later.
The natives of Laguna proved loyal to the Spanish crown during the British invasion (1762–1764) when thousands rallied to its defense. When a detachment of British troops under Captain Thomas Backhouse entered the province in search of the silver cargo of the galleon Filipino, Francisco de San Juan of Pagsanján led a band of volunteers that fought them in several engagements in and around the town which was then the provincial capital (1688–1858). Backhouse plundered the town and burned its newly reconstructed church but San Juan succeeded in escaping with the precious hoard to Pampanga where the treasure greatly bolstered the defense effort of Simón de Anda, leader of the resistance movement. For his heroism, San Juan was made a brigade commander and alcalde mayor of Tayabas (now Quezon) province.[6]
The people's loyalty gradually degenerated into bitter hostility. Grave abuses by the colonizers, especially those of the clergy, caused the resentment of the natives to be fanned into a rising flood of insurrection. In 1840 for instance, religious intolerance led the people of Majayjay, Nagcarlan, Bay, and Biñan to join the revolt of Hermano Pule (Apolinario de la Cruz) of Lucban, Tayabas.[6]
Laguna was also exposed to the aspirations of its most famous son, Dr. José Rizal, who was born in Calamba. The persecution of the Rizal family, along with their fellow landowners toward the end of the century further aggravated the situation. In 1896, thousands of inhabitants, especially of Bay, Los Baños,Nagcarlan, Magdalena, Santa Cruz, and Pagsanjan had joined the revolutionary Katipunan.[6]

A Spanish colonial church in Paete, Laguna, with the Sierra Madre mountain range at the background.
Laguna was one of the eight provinces to rise in revolt against the Spanish misrule led by Generals Paciano Rizal of Calamba, Severino Taino of Pagsanjan, Agueda Kahabagan of Calauan, and Miguel Malvar of Batangas.[5] The ill-equipped revolutionaries fought the well-armed enemy until on August 31, 1898, when the last Spanish garrison surrendered to the victorious patriots in Santa Cruz. The province was cleared of Spaniards. There had been only one respite, the Pact of Biak-na-Bato on December 14 to 15, 1897.[6]
Laguna actively supported the First Philippine Republic proclaimed at Malolos on January 23, 1899. Its two delegates to the Malolos Congress were Don Higino Benítez and Don Graciano Cordero, both natives of Pagsanján.[6]
Upon the outbreak of the Filipino-American War (1899–1901), Generals Juan Cailles and Paciano Rizal led the defense of Laguna until June 30, 1901, when surrender became inevitable. Cailles became the first Filipino Governor of Laguna under the American flag.
The Province of Laguna progressed rapidly in peace. Roads were built, schools were established, and in 1917, the Manila Railroad Company extended its line to Laguna as far as Pagsanjan.
During the Japanese occupation of the Philippines (1942–1945), Laguna was a center of Filipino resistance despite the presence of Makapilicollaborators.[6]
The establishment of the military general headquarters and military camp bases of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and the Philippine Constabulary is a military unit organization was founded on 1942 to 1946 in the province of Laguna, and aided of the local military regular units of the Philippine Commonwealth Army 4th and 42nd Infantry Division and the Philippine Constabulary 4th Infantry Regiment. Started the engagements of the Anti-Japanese Military Operations in Southern Luzon, Mindoro and Palawan from 1942 to 1945 against the Japanese Imperial forces.
Beginning in 1945, attacks by the Filipino soldiers of the 4th, 41st, 42nd, 43rd, 45th, 46th and 47th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army, 4th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary and the recognized guerrillas against Japanese forces in Laguna increased in anticipation of the Liberation of the Philippines by joint Filipino & American forces.
Present-day Laguna shows a thriving economy. With a population of 2,669,847 (2010 Census),[4] and a total area of 1,760 km2 (680 sq mi) of land, Laguna produces millions of pesos worth of coconuts, rice, sugar, citrus fruits, lanzones and other products. Tourists flock to its beauty spots, especially Pagsanjan Falls, Calamba and Los Banos hot springs, Mount Makiling, Caliraya Lake and many others. Levels of development vary. The towns near Metro Manila have become industrialized whereas the inner towns continue to engage in agricultural production or pursue agri-based industries and cottage and small-scale industries.[6]

[edit]Economy

[edit]Natural Resources

Laguna’s natural resources are water with about 300 million gallons of underground water recharged by at least seven principal watersheds. It has Asia’s 3rd biggest lake, Laguna de Bay, which ably supplies the province’s freshwater resource requirements and form part of the people’s livelihood.[2]
Laguna is nestled in the foothills of three mountains namely, Mount Makiling, Mount Banahaw, and the Sierra Madre Range that not only provide attraction for the tourism industry and sources of many forest-based products, but also serve as stewards for the clean air that Laguna generously share. The rich and fertile soil is good for agriculture and horticulture.
There are about forty rivers in Laguna with a total area of almost 0.5 square kilometres.[citation needed] In the forests of Mount Makiling and in the waters of Laguna de Bay are an abundance of flora and fauna. The Laguna de Bay has an approximate area of 3800 km² broken down into 2900 km² of land and 900 km² of lake proper with 220 km shoreline.[citation needed]
Laguna's greatest natural resource is water. It has an estimated 300 million US gallons (1,100,000 m³) of underground water, capable of generating energy for Laguna's expanding power needs. At least seven principal water basins in the province with a total of 5,773 km² drainage area and 1,316 km² level area provide an estimated 9.238 km³ total run-off annually.[2]

[edit]Agricultural activities

Laguna has 60,624 hectares of alienable and disposable agricultural land. Laguna is also well known for its abundant supply of fruits such as lanzones, rambutan, papaya, mango, pineapple. Some large farms also cater to ornamental plants and cut-flower production. About 41,253 ha or 23.44% of Laguna’s total land area is forest land which is ideal for growing coconuts, tropical fruits, and exotic plants.
Laguna de Bay complements the vast agricultural and forest land of the province. With a surface area of 900 km, it is the main fishing ground producing 410,000 mt(?) of fish, providing two-thirds of the fresh water fish requirements of Metro Manila. Carp and tilapia fingerlings are also being grown in inland ponds and freshwater fish pens. Laguna is the center of agriculture, fisheries, and forest research in the country. The research institutions located in Los Baños are: International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), ASEAN Center for Biodiversity (ACB) and the Southeast Asian Regional center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture (SEARCA,) among others.[2]

[edit]Industry and infrastructure

Laguna is one of the major economic hubs of the country with 18 industrial estates. Its proximity to Metro Manila makes it a strategic location for business and industries to quickly reach their markets here and abroad. The required elements for business growth like real estate, local and international banking, communication facilities, road networks, power and water, professional and technical skills, industrial peace, predictable business compliance systems, and a clean and safe environment readily exists in Laguna.
Laguna is labeled as the “Detroit of the Philippines” because of the presence of major vehicle manufacturers in the city of Santa Rosa. It is also considered as the “Silicon Valley of the Philippines” because of the vast number of electronic and semi-conductor companies operating in the province. Laguna is also the “Resort Capital of the Philippines” for it houses more than 700 hot spring resorts in the areas of Calamba and Los Baños.[1][2]
In support of the growing number of industries and people relocating in Laguna, there is need for substantial investments in various infrastructures such as roads, water, power, communication, and residential development to ensure that Laguna remains as the preferred place to work and live.[2]

[edit]Extensive Road Network

The entire province enjoys an extensive and well-maintained road network that is steadily being expanded to accommodate future demands. The South Luzon Expressway (SLEx), Laguna’s main road artery to Metro Manila, has been widened to carry the growing traffic. Plans are nearing execution to extend SLEx deeper into Laguna. Also, the Public-Private Partnership initiative of the National Government include plans to build a circumferential road along Laguna de Bay shoreline, the Laguna de Bay Flood Control Dike Expressway (or C-6 Extension),[7] from San Pedro toSiniloan as well as the proposed Calamba-Los Baños Expressway.[8][2]

[edit]Efficient Communications

State-of-the-art telecommunication and broadband services are widely available in Laguna. Six service providers offer local and international connection 24/7 in all parts of the Province.[2]

[edit]Reliable Power

Laguna has more than enough stable power supply to cover the requirements of businesses and industries. Three power generating plants currently operate.[2]
  • Botocan Hydro-electric Plant (25MW) - Majayjay
  • Caliraya Hydro-electric Plant (23.5 MW) - Pakil
  • Mak-Ban Geothermal Plant (20MW) - Bay
Meralco, the main electricity distributor of Metro Manila, has also the franchise for most of Laguna.[2]

[edit]Investment Opportunities

Ecotourism enterprises; Convention centers; Coconut inter-cropping; Forest Trees, Cutflowers & ornamentals; Fruit & vegetable processing; Herbal medicines; Herbal essences; Gifts and housewares; Metalcraft (Industrial equipment, Engines, Surgical instruments, Agricultural machinery, tools); Service Facilities (Packaging, Warehousing, Trucking services, dryers); Electronics (Consumer electronics, Telecommunications, Computers & peripherals, Semi-conductors); and Garments and footwear; Agriculture; Fishing; Forestry; Tourism.

[edit]Financial Institutions

Banking institutions maintain an extensive branch network in Laguna. Commercial banks, savings and mortgage banks, private development banks, stock savings and loan associations, and rural banks operated a total of 267 branches in the province. Non-bank financial institutions provide supplementary financial services to Laguna residents and businesses. A total of 394 offices have been set up by lending investors, pawnshops, financial companies, nonstock savings and loan associations, and investment houses with quasi-banking functions.
  • Exports: US$7.0 Billion (1997) out of total Philippine exports of $25 Billion
US$1.5 billion (1996)

[edit]Political subdivisions

Political subdivisions
Laguna is subdivided into 24 municipalities and 6 cities.

[edit]Cities

CityTypeDistrictArea
(km²)
Population
(2010)
Pop. Density
(per km²)
No. of
Barangays
City Mayor
Biñan1st Class City1st District43.50283,3966,50024Marlyn "Len-Len" B. Alonte-Naguiat
Cabuyao1st Class City2nd District43.30248,4365,70018Isidro "Jun" L. Hemedes, Jr.
Calamba1st Class City2nd District149.50389,3772,60054Joaquin M. Chipeco, Jr.
San Pablo1st Class City3rd District197.60248,8901,30080Vicente B. Amante
Santa Rosa1st Class City1st District54.13284,6705,30018Arlene B. Arcillas-Nazareno








[edit]Municipalities

MunicipalityTypeDistrictArea
(km²)
Population
(2010)
Pop. Density
(per km²)
No. of
Barangays
Municipal Mayor
Alaminos3rd Class3rd District57.4643,526757.515Eladio Magampon
Bay2nd Class2nd District42.6655,6981,30015Jose Ortiz Padrid
Calauan2nd Class3rd District65.4074,8901,10017Felisa L. Berris
Cavinti4th Class4th District125.5420,80917019Florcelie Esguerra
Famy5th Class4th District53.0615,02128020Renonia B. Muramatsu
Kalayaan5th Class4th District46.6020,9444503Teodoro A. Adao, Jr.
Liliw4th Class3rd District39.1033,85187033Cesar C. Sulibit
Los Baños1st Class2nd District54.22101,8841,90014Anthony "Ton" Genuino
Luisiana4th Class4th District73.3120,14827023Manuel R. Rondilla
Lumban3rd Class4th District96.0829,47031016Atty. Wilfredo O. Paraiso
Mabitac5th Class4th District80.7618,61823015Gerardo C. Fader
Magdalena5th Class4th District34.8822,97666024Teresa Nieva B. Reodica
Majayjay4th Class4th District69.5826,54738040Teofilo C. Guerra
Nagcarlan3rd Class3rd District78.1059,72676052Nelson Osuna
Paete4th Class4th District39.4723,5236009Mutuk Bagabaldo
Pagsanjan2nd Class4th District26.3639,3131,50016Girlie "Maita Sanchez" Ejercito
Pakil5th Class4th District46.5020,82245013Vipops R. Martinez
Pangil4th Class4th District45.0323,2015208Juanita C. Manzana
Pila4th Class4th District31.2046,5341,50017Edgardo A. Ramos
Rizal5th Class3rd District27.9015,51856011Antonio A. Aurelio
San Pedro1st Class1st District24.05294,31012,00020Calixto R. Cataquiz
Santa Cruz1st Class4th District38.59110,9432,90026Domingo Dennis G. Panganiban
Santa Maria4th Class4th District108.4026,83925025Atty. Antonio Carolino
Siniloan3rd Class4th District64.5135,36355020Juanita Realiza-Acero
Victoria4th Class3rd District22.3534,6041,5009Nonong Gonzalez

[edit]Physical

Laguna lies on the southern shores of Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in the country. On the southern border of the province are Mt. Makiling and Mt. Banáhaw, both are long dormant volcanoes, but still sources of geothermal energy. Mt. Makiling is popular for the numerous hot spring resorts that are found on its slopes. Pagsanjan Falls, is a popular waterfall that tumbles down a deep gorge in the hills.
The eastern portion of Laguna straddles the southernmost portions of the Sierra Madre mountain range.

[edit]Climate

The province is relatively dry from November to April and wet during the rest of the year for a small portion near the southern boundary. The other parts, west of Santa Cruz municipality, experience a dry season from November to April and rainy season during the rest of the year. The eastern and southern most portions do not have distinct season, with rainfall more evenly distributed throughout the year.

[edit]Major attractions

[edit]Historical


Underground Cemetery
City/MunicipalityName of LandmarkRoads from ManilaDescription
CalambaRizal ShrineSouth Luzón Tollway - Calamba Exit via National Road to J.P. Rizal AvenueThe Rizal Shrine is located in Calambaand features the home of José Rizal.
BiñanAlberto HouseSouth Luzón Tollway - Southwoods, Carmona, and Mamplasan Exits, via National RoadAncestral House of Teodora Alonzo's (Jose Rizal's mother) clan.
Los BañosHomma-Yamashita ShrineSouth Luzón Tollway - Calamba Exit viaNational Road to Los Baños
CavintiJapanese GardenSouth Luzón Tollway - Calambâ Exit viaNational Road to Famy-Cavinti Road
NagcarlánUnderground CemeterySouth Luzón Tollway - Calamba Exit viaNational Road to San Pablo-Nagcarlan Road
MabitacThe Battle of Mabitac Mural, MabitacOrtigas Avenue heading to Manila East Road (Rizal)
PilaPila Town Plaza and Ancestral HomesSouth Luzón Tollway- Calamba Exit via National Road to Pila
Pinagbayanan CrematoriumSouth Luzón Tollway- Calamba Exit via National Road to PilaThe Philippines' oldest crematorium.
Los BañosBaker Hall, UP Los Baños,South Luzón Tollway - Calamba Exit viaNational Road to Los Baños
Santa CruzEmilio Jacinto Shrine Burial Site, Villa Valenzuela and Santa Cruz Town PlazaSouth Luzón Tollway- Calamba Exit via National Road to Santa Cruz

[edit]Natural

City/MunicipalityName of LandmarkRoads from ManilaDescription
PagsanjanPagsanjan Falls
The Magdapio Falls used to be called the Magdapio Fallsbut have become popularly known as the Pagsanjan Fallsbecause the trip starts in Pagsanjan.
Calamba and Los Baños SpringsMount MakilingSLEX - Calamba Exit via National Road to Brgy. Pansol and Bucal to National Highway of Los Baños
CalauanHidden Valley Springs

Los BañosCrocodile LakeCity of Springs
NagcarlánEight mountains
It includes Mt. Atimla, Mt. Mabilog, Mt. Nagcarlán, Mt. Malauban, Mt. Lansay, Mt. Bayaquitos, Mt. Cristóbal and Mt. Banaháw.
San PabloSeven Lakes of San Pablo
It includes like Sampaloc Lake, Lake Bunot, Lake Calibato, Lake Pandin, Lake Yambo, Lake Palakpakin, and Lake Muhikap.
Botocan,MajayjayDalitiwan River, Taytay Falls

FamyNatural Drinking Water, Mayatba & Spill Way Resort
Natural Drinking Water in the middle of the town proper, near Famy Municipal Hall
SiniloanBuruwisan Falls

[edit]Man-made


The Plaza Calamba
City/MunicipalityNameRoad from ManilaRemarks
Santa RosaEnchanted KingdomSLEX - Calamba Exit via National Road
Santa Rosa,Cabuyao,CalambaNuvali Evoliving
Los BañosBoy Scouts of the Philippines Camp,University of the Philippines, Los Baños
CalambaPrivate and Public ResortsCalamba has 661 resorts making the city as the Resort Capital of the Philippines.[citation needed]
CalambaThe Plaza CalambaA park along the Calamba City Hall Complex
CalambaSt. John the Baptist ChurchOne of the oldest churches in Laguna. Jose Rizal has been baptized in this church by Fr. Pedro Casañas.
Los BañosImmaculate Conception Parish ChurchThe virgin is also known as "Nuestra Senora de Agua Santa de Maynit". The parish will be celebrating its Quadricentennial on 2013
PilaPila Municipal Museum
Paeté

CabuyaoSt. Polycarp Church
CavintiTransfiguration of Our Lord Catholic ChurchThe oldest Transfiguration of Our Lord Church in the Philippines, established in March 1606
Mamatid,CabuyaoDiocesan Shrine of San Vicente FerrerSLEX - Cabuyao Exit via Mamatid Road
MajayjaySt. Gregory Church

PaetéSt. James the Apostle Church

PakilSan Pedro de Alcantara Church
Also known as the Diocesan Shrine of Our Lady of Turumba
San PedroCentro Pacita

San PedroSto. Rosario Parish Church

CalambaNuvali Republic WakeparkSLEX - Canlubang Exit via National RoadNewest and Most Innovative Wakepark in the World. Located at Nuvali, Canlubang, Calamba City.
Landayan, San PedroDiocesan Shrine of Santo SepulchreNational Road
MabitacOur Lady of Candelaria
BiñánSplash Island, San Isidro Labrador Church, Biñan City Plaza
San PabloSt. Paul the First Hermit Cathedral
Santa CruzImmaculate Concepcion Parish Church
LiliwSt. John the Baptist Parish Church

[edit]Education

[edit]Universities

[edit]Colleges

[edit]Institutes

  • STI
    • STI San Pedro
    • STI Calamba
    • STI San Pablo
    • STI Santa Rosa
    • STI Southwoods
    • STI Santa Cruz
  • AMA
    • AMA Computer College - Biñan
    • AMA Computer College - Calamba
    • AMA University Santa Cruz
  • International Electronics and Technical Institute Inc. (I.E.T.I.)
  • Southeast Asia Institute of Science, Arts and Technology
  • MSC Institute of Technology
  • Rizal Institute – Canlubang

[edit]Arts and Culture

Laguna is a major contributor to the development of arts in the Philippines. Paintings and sculptures made by artists from Laguna won national and international awards. Famous artists include Manuel Baldemor, Fred Baldemor and Dominic Rubio.
Church Paintings in Paete

Church Mural

Church Mural

Church Mural

[edit]Shopping Malls

[edit]Elected Officials

[edit]Provincial Officials

Governor: Emilio Ramon Ejercito (Jeorge "E.R." Estregan)
Vice-Governor: Caesar P. Perez
Board Members:
1st District
  • Carlo M. Almoro
  • Gabnulang A. Alatiit
  • Emilio Tiongco
2nd District
  • Neil Andrew Nocon
  • Juan M. Unico
  • Neptali B. Bagnes
3rd District
4th District
  • Joseph Kris Benjamin B. Agarao
  • Benedicto Mario C. Palacol, Jr.
PCL President: Dante Amante
ABC President: Floro G. Esguerra
SK President: Von Mark Anthony Dacdac

[edit]House of Representatives

Second District: Justin Marc S.B. Chipeco
Third District: Ma. Evita R. Arago
Fourth District: Edgar S. San Luis

[edit]